5 Simple Tips for Maintaining Your Track Spring Assembly

5 Simple Tips for Maintaining Your Track Spring Assembly

View All Parts From This Machine: John Deere 724J Wheel Loader
View Parts

As a part of the undercarriage, the track spring (recoil spring) assemblies on your excavator, dozer, or other tracked machine can often only gather attention when they stop working correctly, but keeping them well-maintained and operating properly isn’t just a benefit to the track spring assembly, it’s an asset to the entire undercarriage. To help us all keep a sharp eye on this part, we’ve put together these five fast, short tips for track spring assembly maintenance.

First, it’s important to note that the track spring assembly plays a dual purpose on your machine: keeping proper tension in the track and protecting other parts from impacts. The track spring assembly does its job though a track tensioner that generally consists of a cylinder that adjusts the position of the idler wheel and a recoil spring that absorbs impacts and prevents undue force being applied to delicate parts like the final drive.

Learn all about track springs in our What Are Track Springs post.

With that in mind, we can jump into our maintenance tips.

Keep a Clean Undercarriage

Nobody’s favorite part of the job on a construction site is cleaning the machines and the undercarriage can seem like it should always have a good coat of dirt on it, but routinely cleaning the undercarriage and making sure the track spring assembly isn’t full of dirt or important parts aren’t hidden under a layer of grease helps to keep parts working properly and makes signs of trouble brewing simpler to spot.

Excavator track spring full of mud.
Ready to check this track spring? You'll just need to excavate it from its current dirt coffin before you can get a look.

Routinely Inspect Your Track Spring

If you’re a frequent reader of this blog, you know when it comes to maintenance we’re fully behind an ‘always watching’ approach. For your track springs an extra level of close inspection is important and can be done fairly quickly.

First, look at the recoil springs and make sure they aren’t broken, warped, or cracked. A sudden break in a recoil spring can be dangerous as they are under pressure and even though your machine might seem like it's working fine with a broken spring, it's actually lost an important safety component for other parts.

Next, inspect grease valves and seals. If grease is leaking out of the cylinder it's a clear sign the seal is failing and though the failure might seem small at first it can lead to a larger loss of tension and sudden and dangerous troubles in your track.

Match Your Track Tension to Your Working Environment

One of the benefits of tracked machines is their adaptability to a wide range of working and ground conditions and environments. The stability of tracks in loose materials, wet conditions, and rough ground is unmatched, but tracks work best when the tension is set to match the environment in which they are working. Even cold environments or ground prone to load the tracks with mud can change how the tension of tracks should be set. And simply keeping the tracks at proper tensions will keep your track spring assembly in good working order and extend the life of your tracks.

Excavator tracks full of mud.
The heavy clay and mud loaded into this excavator's undercarriage is impacting the tension of the tracks.

Test Your Track Tensioner

In the previous tip we suggested frequently adjusting your track tension to match your environment, but maybe your machine works day after day in the same site and nothing much changes that would need track adjustments. If that’s the case, you should still periodically use your track tensioner to tighten and then loosen your track. Routine use will allow you to be sure nothing has seized, watch to make sure movements are smooth and fluid and your piston isn’t stuck or bent, and ensure your grease valves take grease.

Every excavator will need to have its track adjusted sometime and routinely ensuring your track spring assembly works properly at all times is a simple way of making sure when that day comes it's up to the job.

Run Your Machine Like the Pro You Are

You’re reading an article on track spring assembly maintenance tips -- it’s probably safe to assume you’re the kind of operator who treats their machine right. For the sake of repetition though, it’s always important to remember that how you run your machine will affect the life of parts and how they function. There’s always a fine line between getting the most out of your machine and throwing all caution to the wind, but finding that line is a sign of an expert operator.

Ensuring you avoid overly repetitive movements, stay away from too much reverse action, and avoid running your machine when the tracks are too loose or tight are the basics of maintenance for your track spring assembly and your entire undercarriage.

Excavator tracks too tight.
The closest track on this excavator is likely too loose while the further track is too tight. Also, the eagle-eyed reader will notice the excavator has no boom, stick, or attachment which is a major detriment to the excavator's effectiveness, but that's a totally separate issue.

How tight should excavator tracks be? Dozer tracks? Any tracked machine?

If you’re working through these tips and adjusting your track tension, you might wonder how tight or loose the tracks should be. The answer to that question though isn’t one simple number. The proper tension of your tracks and even how to measure it will change from machine to machine and through different working conditions. Luckily, your operators manual should have clear guidelines on proper track tension and exactly how to measure it.

Why do excavator and dozer tracks come off?

If your tracks come off you might be quick to blame the track tensioner, but the track spring assembly (and track tensioner) isn’t always the culprit. Worn idler wheels, deteriorating tracks, and other timeworn parts can lead to tracks slipping off. If you examine the other parts and rule them out and you’ve been keeping your track at proper tension, it might be time to look closely at the track spring assembly.

For proper track tension the track tensioner must get to proper tension AND hold that tension. Leaking seals, bent pistons, and other failing parts inside of the track spring assembly might look fine on the outside but once taken apart prove to be the source. 


With these short tips, we’re confident you’ll get the most out of your track springs. Track springs aren't the most complicated part on your machine, but their importance can’t be understated and with proper care they should provide a long life on the worksite.

If you do find yourself in need of replacement track springs, of course, our Parts Specialists are always here to help. From new aftermarket track springs to rebuilt track springs to good used inspected track springs, we connect our customers to a deep inventory of track springs and we take pride in helping you get your machine back to work, quickly and efficiently. 

Drop us a note if we can help you.